Electrify Everything: Why Building Electrification is Necessary Now

Oliver Tiliouine, Member of the SanDiego350 Building Electrification Working Group and the San Diego Building Electrification Coalition

With the advanced technologies available today, Building Electrification (BE) is a feasible solution to meet State and local climate goals. It switches the power supplied to buildings from dirty fossil fuels to electricity, which is increasingly generated from renewable resources. It is time for cities to recognize that all-electric requirements reduce emissions from residential and commercial buildings, both saving energy and reducing indoor air pollution. 

BE means no gas hookups for new development projects and retrofitting existing buildings by replacing furnaces, stoves, water heaters, and clothes dryers; everything becomes electric! The major problem with gas-powered buildings are the harmful emissions from fossil fuel combustion. The largest component of natural gas is methane, an extremely potent greenhouse gas (GHG). Currently, powering our buildings is responsible for 10% of California’s GHG emissions, not including gas leaks that occur during distribution.

In California, the high-powered gas industry touts renewable natural gas (RNG) as the solution to building emissions. However, RNG is almost pure methane, 25x more harmful than CO2. Any RNG that leaks out of the distribution network directly contributes to atmospheric GHGs, and therefore to warming. RNG is produced by capturing emissions from organic waste (e.g. landfills) but is not a clean fuel. RNG acts as a roadblock to development of cleaner energy, and is not simply a bridge. The United States has the technologies required to have electricity power our buildings and reduce climate-changing emissions.

SanDiego350 is working to support BE efforts in local cities. Last month, we convened the first meeting of the San Diego Building Electrification Coalition, a coalition of local organizations and businesses that support BE. The primary goals of the Coalition are to update Climate Action Plans (CAPs) to incorporate BE, pursue municipal ordinances in our region to advance BE, and to provide community education and outreach to build support for electrification.

To date, 40 Californian jurisdictions have passed ordinances either requiring or strongly encouraging all-electric in new construction projects. Some cities have gone a step further by banning new gas hook-ups. To date, Carlsbad is the only city in the San Diego region that has adopted an ordinance for building electrification. Several other local cities are looking into BE options as well. For example, the City of Encinitas recently approved an updated CAP which includes electrification of new residential and commercial buildings. 

SanDiego350 believes that now is the time to advocate for BE policies throughout our region. In order to make building electrification a top priority, we must build community support from residents and businesses for the advancement of BE in our cities. 

As a first step toward these goals, SanDiego350 hosted a webinar on December 3rd with 80+ participants. The expert panel explained how to effectively advocate for local BE policies. SanDiego350 and the Coalition are planning more educational events in early 2021. Sign up for our mailing list for updates on future events and actions to support a gas-free future in San Diego or volunteer with us here.

Reshaping Climate Leadership in 2021

By: Kathryn Link-Oberstar, Fundraising Team Co-Lead

This year has been a whirlwind. From pandemic lock-downs, a tumultuous election season, and the largest racial justice uprisings in our country’s history, I am grateful for every volunteer and supporter who has helped us weather this storm. The vulnerabilities in our society revealed and amplified by the Covid-19 pandemic have reinforced the urgency of a people-powered movement committed to climate justice for all. We need a mass movement of engaged community members to achieve climate justice action at the scale and speed necessary to avert disaster — and to build that movement we need everyone: people of all ages, races, and backgrounds. And we need the tools, training, and support structures to empower them.

SanDiego350’s initiatives are powered by 100 active members and dozens of dedicated team leaders. The fundraising team is run by dedicated volunteers just like you, committed to building grassroots financial support to amplify each of our members’ impact through leadership development, training, coaching, and paid staff to provide support on key projects.  In 2020, with the support of our  incredible donors, volunteers, collaborators, and supporters, we empowered dozens of high school students, engaged more than 3,000 San Diegans in 2020 through virtual actions, expanded our organization, and established the new Justice, Equity, Diversity, and Inclusion Team to lead anti-racism initiatives.

SanDiego350 is ready to get to work in 2021. With local election results creating significant new opportunities for climate action, we know that we have the chance to achieve a climate mandate, but nothing is guaranteed. Now more than ever, we must stay in the fight for a just, sustainable future by reshaping and growing diverse climate leadership, mobilizing our community, and leading bold, effective campaigns. With your support, we can continue to expand programs that empower youth and leaders of all ages to fight for a Green New Deal, better Franchise Agreements, building electrification, and more!

We are building a movement for the long haul, engaging the future leaders of San Diego’s climate movement in these key ways:

  • Building youth power in the movement through the Youth4Climate Summer Camp, Youth4Climate Action Summit, Eco-club support, and Fellowship program.
  • Providing tools, training, and support for our volunteers and leaders through workshops, training, and coaching, and
  • Mobilizing San Diegans to take meaningful action.

Our leaders and volunteers are also committed to advancing key campaigns, including: 

  • Creating a diverse county-wide coalition to advocate for building electrification 
  • Transportation Justice and Transit
  • A Strong County Climate Action Plan, and
  • Fight for a better franchise agreement with Sempra

We are at a critical moment for the climate movement, and we must continue to mobilize our people in even greater numbers in 2021.

I encourage you to donate SanDiego350 before the end of the year. Your contribution will help us amplify the work of our volunteers and continue the vital work of fighting for climate justice, and building a more livable, sustainable, and equitable world.

2020 Accomplishments and Goals for the New Year

By Masada Disenhouse, Executive Director of SanDiego350

As 2020 comes to a close, I could not be more grateful for every one of you and for how we have come together in this year of the COVID-19 pandemic, a pivotal election (is it over yet?), and an inspiring racial justice movement. Together we navigated and adapted to a rapidly changing world, innovating new ways to continue our mission to fight climate change and climate injustice while maintaining hopefulness and a sense of community. 

I wanted to celebrate some of our accomplishments of 2020, and take a look at our plans for 2021. 

1. We didn’t let Covid stop our core movement building and mobilizing work

Despite covid, we mobilized thousands of San Diegans to act. Hundreds of people provided input on climate policy at local and state meetings. Our petition for better energy Franchise agreements was signed by 1,500 people. Over 2,500 people participated in the Virtual Climate Uprising. 

In fact, in 2020 we educated, skilled up, and empowered more San Diegans than ever before. We delivered four leadership and strategy workshops for volunteer leaders. We held more than ten educational events on key issues, including transportation justice, energy franchise agreements, just recovery, and the ballot measures. And we joined with other 350 affiliates nationally to offer virtual training on organizing, messaging, and protesting safely.

We also significantly grew our volunteer capacity to more than 20 volunteer teams and over 100 team leaders and core members, welcoming 4 new adult volunteer teams (Fundraising, Marketing and Communications, Justice, Equity, Diversity and Inclusion, and Building Electrification) and several youth teams. We also welcomed new staff, including our volunteer coordinator, Nicole Muñoz-Proulx.

2. We strengthened our campaign work

We organized hundreds of San Diegans to take action on key climate issues – pushing for a better energy franchise deal, laying the groundwork to establish a regional building electrification coalition (the coalition’s first meeting included more than 20 organizations), and began planning out a strategy to weaken Sempra and SDG&E’s political influence that has blocked bold climate action for too long. We also pushed for an inclusive public process around an MTS initiative. Though it was halted by COVID, the work we did will help the next initiative move forward. And though we did not prevail on state legislation, losing on AB 345 which would have created health buffer zones around oil drilling sites, we engaged at a stronger level than ever before and laid the groundwork for the next round. 

3. We empowered more than a hundred high school students 

We held a virtual Youth Climate Summit in April, a Virtual Summer Camp over the summer, and we’re holding weekly calls for youth activists. We hired 2 college interns to manage a fellowship program with five high school fellows who are organizing dozens of students across San Diego County to learn about the issues, practice new skills, and take action. These smart, diverse, inspiring high school and college students are the climate leaders of tomorrow, and they make us hopeful. 

4. We deepened our commitment to racial justice 

We educated ourselves on the issues, shared informational resources, stood in solidarity with BIPoC (Black, Indigenous, and People of Color) organizations and held 2 anti-racism training sessions. We hired a justice & equity intern, Rachal, who’s supporting the new Justice, Equity, Diversity and Inclusion Team and leading anti-racism work and training.

As we look forward to 2021, we face new possibilities and challenges. We’ll continue to navigate this pandemic together and find new ways to build a stronger community. 

We are starting out strong with the support from all of you: SD350’s passionate, dedicated volunteers. 

In the new year, we’ll focus on several high-impact priorities

First, we will run hard-hitting, effective, bold campaigns to hold our newly elected representatives accountable to take action. These include building a strong regional coalition to electrify buildings, advocating for a county climate action plan, for transportation justice and a regional transportation plan that reduces carbon emissions, and, exposing our investor owned utility and its parent company as bad actors and preventing them from stalling progress on climate policy. 

Second, we will continue to build the breadth and depth of the regional climate movement. This includes mobilizing and empowering San Diegans to act and strengthening our connections to coalition partners. 

Third, we will equip and empower hundreds of teens to be climate leaders through a robust Youth4Climate program, a youth climate action summit, summer camp and fellowships. 

Finally, accomplishing these goals require us to be strong internally as an organization. In the coming year, we will empower volunteers to step into leadership through training, coaching, and peer learning. We will cultivate an inclusive organizational culture and build leadership that’s more representative of San Diego. And, we’ll grow our staff to better leverage our powerful volunteer base. 
2021 is a year for us to be bold. We know we can make a significant impact together. I can’t wait!

Update: SDG&E plays hardball on Franchise agreements

Amanda Ruetten, Policy Organizer & Masada Disenhouse, Executive Director

This week has been a whirlwind. On Monday we got the news that San Diego City Council President Georgette Gómez sent a memo to Mayor Faulconer stating that she will not docket the Mayor’s bad Franchise Agreements deal and was instead requesting a one-year extension. That would mean the franchise agreements would be in the hands of our next City Council and Mayor (something the Union Tribune applauded). 

But then last night we learned that SDG&E is playing hardball with our energy future, and refusing to negotiate a one year extension

As you know, we’ve been working to ensure the City gets a good franchise deal that allows us to meet our climate, equity and just transition goals. To that end, we’ve met with San Diego Councilmembers, given public comment at Council meetings, and submitted over 1,200 petition signatures. 

We are committed to stopping this bad franchise deal and secure our clean energy future. We will continue to reach out for your support, and with your help we will prevail. 

For more information about the franchise agreements see our Explainer.

What Just Happened?

Or, some reflections on what the local election results mean for the climate movement 

By Masada Disenhouse, SD350 Executive Director

So… now that we’ll have a new president who lists climate change as a top priority (though we may yet need to fight for our votes to count), let’s focus on what happened in local elections, and what the results mean for us as climate activists. 

Overall, significantly more progressive and pro-climate-action electeds will be taking their seats at the city and county level in the next month, giving us many opportunities to get some of the policies we need enacted. Definitely something to celebrate! Here’s why it matters and what changes and opportunities we expect to see: 

The San Diego County Board of Supervisors flipped Democratic 

  • Who won: 
  • Why it’s important: The County Supervisors oversee the needs of 3.3 Million county residents (and directly govern nearly 500,000 people who live in the unincorporated county—including yours truly). They control a budget of $6.5 Billion. They also manage courts, jails, public health and public lands, and have a strong say in regional transportation and housing.
  • What could change: 
    • Environmentalists can finally stop suing (third time’s the charm?)—and the County can stop spending money defending its terrible climate action plans (over $1M in taxpayer dollars to date). We can all get down (finally!) to developing an effective, accountable Climate Action Plan that gets us to 100% renewable energy. 
    • Environmental justice and air pollution control initiatives via the new Air Pollution Control District can help the health department take a more active role on climate. 
    • End new sprawl developments and prioritize infill and affordable housing. 
    • Switch from opposing to supporting transit and prioritizing communities of concern at SANDAG and MTS.
  • Of interest: 
    • In 2010 San Diegans voted to enact term limits for the County Supervisors. Those term limits put us on a path to the changes we’ve seen, with progressive candidates replacing conservatives who held their seats for (literally) decades. 
    • We have room to grow: LA County just elected its first all female Board of Supervisors

The San Diego City Council went from 6 Democrats to 8 Democrats

  • Who won: 
    • Todd Gloria will be the next Mayor of San Diego. San Diego’s groundbreaking Climate Action Plan was developed under Todd’s iMayor leadership (and Todd spoke at our People’s Climate March in 2014). 
    • Council: In District 1, Joe LaCava won. Joe is a cofounder of our partner Democrats for Environmental Action. In District 3, Stephen Whitburn won. In District 5, Marni von Wilpert won. In District 7, Raul Campillo won. In District 9, Sean Elo-Rivera won. Sean is ED of our partner Youth Will. 
  • What could change:
    • All five incoming councilmembers are democrats (three of the races were between two Democrats) and almost all of them consider climate change a top priority. Combined with a Democratic Mayor, we’ll have a lot better chance of getting stronger climate policies.
    • This all means that the City’s representatives on key regional boards like SANDAG and MTS are more likely to share our priorities. With the County Supervisors and new representatives from other cities that shifted progressive, this adds up to a massive power shift on the SANDAG Board. We should see big changes on transportation, as the next Regional Transportation Plan is underway. This is something we’ve been fighting for since our organization started in 2011. 
    • It won’t all be smooth sailing though. There are many other critical issues, a funding crisis (because of COVID), and some of the CMs were elected with help from labor or other interests which don’t always support the climate policies we do. Mayor Gloria just chose someone from the Chamber of Commerce to be his Chief of Staff. We’ll keep working to push for equity and workers as well as reducing GHGs, and building a coalition.
  • Of interest: 
    • SD350 met with the five new councilmembers as part of nonpartisan visits with all the candidates over the summer, and will be scheduling follow-up meetings to build relationships with the CMs and their staff shortly. 
    • We’ll get a feel for how progressive the new CMs are by seeing who they choose as Council President – their very first vote when they get sworn in on December 10th. SD350 is supporting Monica Montgomery Steppe to be the next Council President (add your name!), and urging the CMs to vote for her. Which CM chairs the environment committee will also be important to us. 

Other Races and Propositions

  • Who won
    • Congress: Sara Jacobs won in the 53rd district. She and most of the other candidates supported a Green New Deal and climate action at the candidates forum we hosted with partners back in February. The work we did on the Green New Deal, including sit-ins at the prior congressmember Davis’, led to this result. Darrell Issa won in the 50th district. He received a climate change denier award in 2013, and ran in the 50th district after losing the seat he held for decades in the 49th district to Mike Levin in 2018.
    • It’s looking like SD350 member and ally Jack Shu won a council seat in La Mesa and ally Marcus Bush won a council seat in National City (these haven’t been called yet). 
  • Of interest: 
    • Pia did a full write up on how our proposition recommendations fared (hint: it’s not pretty). Californians were not nearly as progressive in voting on the props as they were in voting for candidates. Why? Complex, nuanced, disputed props. Huge amounts spent to misinform (Prop 22 was the most expensive ever, >$220 million)—and wealth inequality leading to anti-tax sentiments at all costs. 
    • The 2010 initiative that changed California to a “top two primary system” has significantly increased single party general elections (mostly Dem-on-Dem west of the 125). 
    • You’re not alone. It is seriously time to retire the electoral college

Bottom line: We’ll have more opportunities to advance climate solutions in San Diego County in 2021 and we’ll need your help more than ever. So roll up your sleeves. Let’s get to work!

Climate Justice Calls for Racial Justice, End to White Supremacy

By Kimberly Kishon, Masada Disenhouse and Susan Duerksen

Black people in the U.S. are subject to violence and unjust death regularly – including at the hands of police who are supposed to protect all of us. We, the people of this country, have allowed institutionalized racism to go unchecked for centuries. 

It shows up in every aspect of peoples’ lives, devastatingly in safety, health, environmental and economic inequities. The coronavirus pandemic starkly highlights how rules apply differently based on a person’s skin color – who gets sickest, who can afford healthcare, who has no choice but to work in an unsafe environment. The communities hit hardest by environmental and climate impacts are primarily communities of color — and those least responsible for creating the problem. “People of color are more likely than white people to live alongside power plants, oil refineries and landfills.” (from the LA Times’ Sammy Roth:  Why communities fighting for fair policing also demand environmental justice).

This is a critical moment in history — and it can be a national turning point for racial justice. SanDiego350 leaders believe we, as advocates for climate justice, must stand for  dismantling institutional racism and white supremacy. We strive for a world where people of color have a safe and healthy future on this planet. 

In the words of leaders at 350.org, Rell Brown and Natalia Cardona, “There is no just recovery for climate without addressing the systemic extraction, harm and violence towards Black communities. Building a movement rooted in the needs of those most oppressed is the only way we can achieve liberation for all.”

What is SanDiego350 doing to support racial justice?

It is not enough to be passively non-racist. We must all take action to oppose racism, not just in our personal lives but wherever it exists systemically in the society we create together. We can’t just talk about racism, we have to stamp it out.

In the coming weeks, you will hear about how SD350 plans to more intentionally center racial justice in our work and take important internal steps to ensure our organization is more inclusive and diverse. As a primarily white, middle class volunteer led organization, we know we have significant growing to do.

We look forward to building on our policy work in partnership with people of color (POC)-led community organizations that advocates for equity in climate action planning, transportation, and state legislation; our youth engagement work; supporting partners on non-climate justice issues.

SanDiego350 Commits To:

  1. Share racial justice action steps from black-led organizations with our membership
  2. Focus our climate policy work always on stopping, reversing, and preventing climate  harm to communities of color
  3. Do internal work to uplift diverse voices, improve our practices, and train our membership on dismantling white supremacy
  4. Follow the leadership of POC-led partners 

Below are some specific actions we urge you to take. 

Above all, keep in mind that this is a particularly traumatic time for black Americans. This is not the time for white people to lead, nor is it the time to ask black people for advice or forgiveness. Make space for black people to grieve. Be sensitive, active and present in your responses. Step back, listen, learn and support. 

Get Connected

Subscribe to receive updates & action alerts from San Diego’s local chapters:

Take Action

  • Sign pandemic-related petitions by Black Lives Matter.
  • Sign the petition in support of San Diegans for Justice’s campaign for a ballot initiative to establish a community-led independent Commission on Police Practices.
  • Call on your local elected representatives to divest from white supremacy, which includes divestment from industrial multinational use of fossil fuels and investment in community- based sustainable energy solutions. 



  • Flatten The Curve Of Inequality – a 5-part weekly web series hosted by the San Diego ACLU, where local advocates will share the work they’ve been doing to support families and communities during this crisis. Starts June 4th!
  • For white folks, watch this 22-minute lecture: Deconstructing White Privilege with Dr. Robin Di Angelo
  • Follow black writers and activists including Rachel Cargle, Brittany Packnett, Layla Saad 
  • The Movement for Black Lives calls on us to learn about the arguments for defunding the police and re-envisioning public safety, which is not a new idea. We must challenge ingrained ideas about safety. Useful info/resources

More resources from 350.org

You can find more opportunities to support nationally and in Minnesota here.

How we’re responding to the COVID-19 pandemic

Coming to grips with the devastating impacts of the pandemic has been hard for all of us. With the situation changing every day, none of us know what this will mean for our health, our loved ones, our jobs, our schooling, and our savings — let alone the nation, the economy at large, our democracy, and our planet. 

Some of us have been hit hard already. SD350 members and their families have lost jobs. Some have gotten sick with COVID-19 or have loved ones who have it or have even passed away due to the virus. Some of us have underlying conditions that make it dangerous to leave home. Some of us are suddenly juggling homeschooling and working from home. 

Most of us have never lived through a time like this. We are all struggling with the emotions, the stress, and the anxiety of this situation. In some ways, as climate activists, we’re more mentally equipped to deal with a worldwide crisis than many of our fellow Americans. 

The pandemic is laying bare the sorry state our nation has been in. The classism, racism, and corporatism that led to the largest wealth inequalities in our lifetimes are now putting our most vulnerable people at risk. It’s no coincidence that the people who are able to shelter at home and work from home have more money and health care than those who are risking their lives working for minimum wage in grocery stores and other service industries.

SanDiego350’s response to the COVID-19 crisis has primarily been in three areas: 

1. Bringing our events online. Prior to the virus, we had already held quite a few of our regular meetings remotely to maximize participation while minimizing our carbon footprint. Transitioning the earth day “Virtual Climate Uprising” was challenging – working remotely with a coalition of more than a dozen organizations, figuring out production for live streaming on multiple platforms, doing only online promotion. In other ways, it’s been easier. We’ve had youth participating in our programs from across the country. People have been more available and it’s easier to participate if you don’t need to leave home. We’re working on making our events as accessible, interactive, and engaging as possible. 

2. Checking in on our members. We’ve made hundreds of phone calls through our volunteer structures to check in our volunteer leaders, team members, and active volunteers and donors. Many volunteers have stepped up to offer help to our members who need help shopping or coping. It’s wonderful to see the care and compassion our members have for each other. Everyone has appreciated the concern and camaraderie and the space to take care of themselves and their loved ones – and it’s brought us closer and made us more resilient. 

3. Reevaluating our priorities. We’ve met with our board to discuss organizational level priorities, and we’ve been holding meetings with our different volunteer teams to check in and see how the pandemic has affected their plans, what challenges have come up, and what new opportunities exist. Some projects we’ve put so much into just won’t go anywhere in this new world. The state legislature has been closed down. Schools are not meeting regularly. But new projects have emerged that are relevant and crucial, for example, organizing a virtual Youth 4 Climate Summer Camp, supporting telecommuting, and advocating to make sure we move forward with a just recovery – instead of going back to the old “normal” when the economy reopens.

SD350 response to “Planet of the Humans”

The YouTube video “Planet  of the Humans”, created and directed by Jeff Gibbs and presented by Michael Moore, is a hodge-podge of blatant inaccuracies and false accusations of climate leaders -mixed with some truths – that promotes despair rather than action. 

The video attacks Bill McKibben using a long disavowed quote about burning biomass for energy, ignoring his more recent denunciations, including his 2016 article “Burning trees for electricity is a bad idea,” as well as his efforts to set the record straight. It also falsely accuses McKibben of being some kind of corporate pawn. For those of us who’ve met Bill, seen what a tireless, thoughtful, humble leader he is, it appalling to see how poorly the video treats him. (See Bill’s article in Rolling Stone and his initial response to the video). 

The video’s claims that carbon pollution produced by producing electricity from solar and wind is comparable to that produced by burning fossil fuels for power is … just wrong. Its claim that solar systems only last a decade are disproved by any homeowner who installed their solar panels before 2010. While every energy source has environmental impacts and there are tradeoffs that are entirely worth discussing, this is the type of misinformation you’d expect from the fossil fuel industry. (See Carbon Brief for some #s).

Meanwhile, Planet of the Humans completely fails to make any mention of the need to replace fossil fuel based systems with sustainable alternatives, instead suggesting population control – often suggested by anti-immigration hate groups – as an only answer.

There is no denying a kernel of truth in the documentary. Clean, renewable energy and transportation systems are necessary to avoid the worst of the climate crisis, but we can’t grow our way out of the climate crisis. The fact is that while too many fellow citizens of our planet live in desperation, an affluent minority live an unsustainable lifestyle of consumption without regard to the toll this takes on our environment. We must transition to a sustainable culture that recognizes our planet’s limits.

As climate activists, our mission is based on science. We must be vigilant against misinformation and direct  people to the facts, as well as rethinking mindless growth so we can leave a planet that is nurturing, sustainable and equitable for generations to come.

As climate activists in California, we can see the impacts of increased renewable energy and efficiency — less carbon and air pollution. We can also see that our actions as community leaders are achieving better policies. There is hope and we remain committed to continuing to work for a renewable energy economy grounded in equity.

Further reading:

Climate Activists Remain Committed to Transit and Transportation Equity Work following MTS Decision to Halt Elevate 2020 Initiative

San Diego – April 16, 2020 – At today’s MTS meeting, Chair Nathan Fletcher said the MTS initiative “Elevate 2020” would not proceed to the ballot in 2020. 

This is a statement from Bee Mittermiller, SanDiego350 Transportation Committee Chair:

SanDiego350 members are disappointed that the transit initiative has been put on hold given its huge potential for improving San Diego County’s transit system, reducing carbon pollution, and increasing  quality of life for residents. However, we understand the coronavirus pandemic has made this campaign impractical in this time of uncertainty.

We applaud MTS’s actions to protect its drivers and the riders who are critical workers serving the needs of our communities, and for making sure that its essential services are continuing.

We are committed to to keep working with MTS and we encourage MTS to continue their public outreach, which has been extraordinary. 

Amidst this tragic pandemic we can see best practices developing around telecommuting and active transportation. We need to build on those developments in a way to complement building out transit infrastructure. 

Candidate Forum – 53rd Congressional District

The event — hosted by San Diego 350, the Sunrise Movement San Diego and six other organizations — gave candidates the opportunity to engage with more than 100 residents and pitch their ideas for reducing the use of fossil fuels, promoting green jobs, and bringing environmental justice to underserved communities.”

There were several areas in which all five candidates were in agreement, such as refusing to accept campaign contributions from fossil-fuel industries and corporate PACs, strengthening environmental protections and supporting the Green New Deal, a wide-ranging resolution aimed at wiping out greenhouse emissions by 2030 while creating new jobs.

However, candidates varied when it came to offering concrete proposals for how they would tackle climate change and other environmental issues.